The indenyl molybdenum carbonyl complexes [IndMo(CO) 2 (L) n ]BF 4 (L = NCMe with n = 3 (1), 2,2′-bipyridine (2) or 1,4,7-trimethyltriazacyclononane (3) with n = 1) promote epoxide alcoholysis under moderate reaction conditions. Complexes 1 and 2 showed the best performance for the alcoholysis of styrene oxide with different alcohol nucleophiles (acting as both reactant and solvent), leading to the corresponding 2-alkoxy-2-phenylethanol with 100% yield at 10 min and 35 °C. These catalytic results are far superior to those found for previously studied molybdenum carbonyl complexes. An efficient procedure for catalyst recovery and reuse without decrease in reaction rate is described.
- Acid catalysis
- Epoxide alcoholysis
- Indenyl ligand
- Molybdenum carbonyl complexes