Absorption of Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Using Fluorinated Ionic Liquids

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Abstract

The increasing awareness of the environmental impact of fluorinated gases (F-gases) used in refrigeration is instigating the development of technologies to recover and recycle them. With this goal in mind, single-component absorption equilibrium isotherms at 303.15 K of F-gases in different ionic liquids (ILs) were determined using a gravimetric method. The selected F-gases are the most used in domestic refrigeration (R-32: difluoromethane, R-125: pentafluoroethane, and R-134a: 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane). The results show that ILs containing a fluorinated alkyl side chain with four carbon atoms, that is, fluorinated ILs (FILs), have higher gas absorption capacity than conventional fluoro-containing ILs. All studied ILs showed ideal selectivity toward R-134a. Conventional fluoro-containing ILs showed better selectivities for the separation of the binary mixtures R-134a/R-125 and R-32/R-125, and FILs showed better selectivities for the R-134a/R-32 mixture. These results provide fundamental knowledge of the behavior of these new alternative solvents and key information for their application in the separation of F-gas mixtures of commercial refrigerants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20769-20778
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume58
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2019

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