The expression of CR-1 complement receptors on glomerular epithelial cells, was studied in 77 renal biopsies from patients with (74) or without (3) glomerular diseases, employing an anti-CR-1 monoclonal antibody, and an indirect immunoperoxidase technique. Four patterns of CR-1 expression were recognised: normal (18); generally decreased (6); focal/segmental partial loss (44); and complete loss (9). Normal expression was detected in all three biopsies with non-glomerular diseases, and in glomerular diseases with normal glomeruli on light microscopy, but also in several glomerulonephritic biopsies (13), including diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis (1 of 7) and idiopathic membranous nephritis (5 of 14). However, the majority of biopsies from patients with glomerular diseases showed abnormal CR-1 expression (59 of 74), most evident in proliferative biopsies (43 of 49), with or without crescent formation (respectively, 18 of 20 and 25 or 29). Complete loss of CR-1 expression was almost restricted to crescentic biopsies (8 of 9). The abnormal CR-1 expression was unrelated to the presence of capillary immune deposits of Ig or C. More intraglomerular monocytes, assessed by monoclonal antibodies, were encountered in glomerulonephritic biopsies with partial CR-1 loss (median 6.2, P<0.03), than in biopsies with normal receptor expression (median 1.4). Thus, changes in glomerular CR-1 expression are frequently seen in many glomerular diseases and are associated with glomerular proliferative changes and moncyte infiltration, but not with the presence of capillary immune deposits. This abnormal CR-1 expression may be important considering the ability of CR-1 receptors to down-regulate complement activation, and the importance of podocyte function on the synthesis of GBM components.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1987|