A Verse Exchange of Inacio of Catingueira and Romano of Mother of Agua

Geice Peres Nunes, Carlos Nogueira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article presents the celebrated peleja (verse exchange) between Inacio da Catingueira and Romano da Mae d'Agua in the Brazilian North-East. The polemic peleja de cordel (a kind of chapbook), which evokes a poetic contest that allegedly took place in 1874 or 1875 in Recife, is regarded as the first of a kind that forms one of the most important phases in Brazilian cordel literature. On the one side stands a slave poet and on the other a landowner; each aims to defend and to characterize the race and social class to which he belongs. The article aims to demonstrate the influence of scientific thinking in popular literature, particularly with regard to ethnic and cultural miscegenation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Brazilian North-East
  • Paraiba
  • folk literature
  • cordel
  • Jose Alves Sobrinho
  • race
  • miscegenation

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