A variation in the origin of the median nerve associated with an unusual origin of the deep brachial artery

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Abstract

A thorough anatomical knowledge of the normal conformation and variations of the brachial plexus, its branches and the vessels with which they are related is of paramount importance for anatomists, surgeons, anesthesiologists and radiologists. During routine anatomical dissection of the left axilla and supraclavicular region of a 69 year-old male preserved corpse, the medial root of the median nerve was found to receive a supplementary branch from the medial aspect of the terminal portion of the lateral cord. This anastomotic branch crossed in a narrow space between the axillary artery and the deep brachial artery that originated unusually proximally from the third portion of the axillary artery. To our knowledge, the association of this type of origin of the median nerve with a deep brachial artery deriving from the axillary artery has not been cited in recent medical literature. This particular disposition of the origin of the median nerve could help explain why, in some cases, injury of the lateral cord or upstream to the lateral cord may lead to the unexpected presentation of weakness of forearm flexors and thenar muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-38
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Morphological Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Brachial plexus
  • Deep brachial artery
  • Median nerve
  • Peripheral nervous system
  • Variation

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