This paper presents a MASHΣ Δ M using only passive integrators and simple differential pairs as low-gain blocks. Instead of high-gain power hungry op-amps it uses more processing gain from the comparator (1-bit quantizer) as a part of the loop gain. The proposed approach allows the design of a continuous-time, 2-1 MASH Σ ΔM}in a 65-nm CMOS technology occupying an area of just 0.027 mm2. Measurement results show that the modulator achieves a peak SNR/SNDR of 76/72.2 dB and a DR of 77 dB for an input signal bandwidth of 10 MHz, while dissipating 1.57 mW with 1 V supply. The proposed Σ ΔM achieves a Walden figures of merit (FoM) of 23.6 fJ/level and a Schreier FOM of 170 dB.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2017|
- CT mash
- passive integrator
- Sigma-delta modulation