A Survey of Programming Languages and Platforms for Multi-Agent Systems

Rafael H. Bordini, Lars Braubach, Mehdi Dastani, Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni, Jorge J. Gómez-Sanz, João Alexandre Carvalho Pinheiro Leite, Gregory M.P. O'Hare, Alexander Pokahr, Alessandro Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

205 Citations (Scopus)


This paper surveys recent research on programming languages and development tools for Multi-Agent Systems. It starts by addressing programming languages (declarative, imperative, and hybrid), followed by integrated development environments, and finally platforms and frameworks. To illustrate each of these categories, some systems were chosen based on the extent to which European researchers have contributed to their development. The current state of these systems is described and, in some cases, indications of future directions of research are given.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-44
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • Multi-Agent Systems
  • Programming Languages
  • Platforms


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