A Story of Whales and People: the Portuguese Whaling Monopoly in Brazil (17th and 18th Centuries)

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Abstract

In this work, the history of the whaling operation in Brazil during the 17th and 18th centuries is recovered. The activity was a monopoly of the Iberian (until 1640) and Portuguese crown, from 1614 to 1801, with economic, political, and ecological significance and impact both for the human and non-human protagonists.
The abundance of whales and the valorisation of their products worked as drivers - environmental and economic - for the implementation and development of whaling in Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Santa Catarina. In its duration, this coastal operation followed the ‘Basque-style’ style with the establishment of fixed whaling stations on land and capturing animals very close to shore. For a short period, sperm whales were captured offshore, using techniques characteristic of the ‘American-Style Shore’. The capture focused on coastal baleen whales, from which oil was produced and baleen plates extracted. Contrary to what was previously assumed, these two products were sent to Lisbon in very significant quantities and periodicity, which allows us a better understanding of their importance in the context of the Portuguese colonisation of the Americas and in a framework of ‘wet globalisation’.
This marine extraction not only accompanied the processes of appropriation of the territory but was also a stimulus to promote them. It is argued here that whales played a role in providing a source of wealth for the Portuguese empire and in being an integral element in building relationships between people and the ocean.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-48
Number of pages28
JournalHALAC - Historia Ambiental Latinoamericana y Caribeña
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Environmental history
  • Blue humanities
  • Marine extractions
  • South Atlantic
  • Global South

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