The nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway selectively degrades mRNAs carrying a premature translation-termination codon but also regulates the abundance of a large number of physiological mRNAs that encode full-length proteins. In human cells, NMD-targeted mRNAs are degraded by endonucleolytic cleavage and exonucleolytic degradation from both 5-’ and 3′-ends. This is done by a process not yet completely understood that recruits decapping and 5′-to-3′ exonuclease activities, as well as deadenylating and 3′-to-5′ exonuclease exosome activities. In yeast, DIS3/Rrp44 protein is the catalytic subunit of the exosome, but in humans, there are three known paralogues of this enzyme: DIS3, DIS3L1, and DIS3L2. However, little is known about their role in NMD. Here, we show that some NMD-targets are DIS3L2 substrates in human cells. In addition, we observed that DIS3L2 acts over full-length transcripts, through a process that also involves UPF1. Moreover, DIS3L2-mediated decay is dependent on the activity of the terminal uridylyl transferases Zcchc6/11 (TUT7/4). Together, our findings establish a role for DIS3L2 and uridylation in NMD.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical And Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Oct 2019|
- mRNA turnover
- Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay
- Terminal uridylyl transferases Zcchc6/11 (TUT7/4)