A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel

O. Alves, M. Gonçalves, Paulo S. D. Brito, Eliseu Monteiro, C. Jacinto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a review on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues of gasification plants using residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. The survey (2006–2016) consisted of a systematic review of literature retrieved from scientific databases. Despite abundant literature on environmental impacts of gasification plants, few publications focus on OSH aspects. Of these, 16 were considered relevant for the purpose. The results are summarized in a Table that provides a short description and the main findings of each study. It can be concluded that explosion and inhalation of toxic gases are the most common OSH risks reported in gasification processes; apparently, both are considered negligible if safety measures are adopted. Other risks identified comprise the release (and potential inhalation) of heavy metals and harmful tar production, but the main concern is on the environmental impact. Prevention measures mostly include adjusting granulometry to the type of biomass, workers’ training, good ventilation and reliable equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOccupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018
EditorsRui B. Melo, João Santos Baptista, Pedro M. Arezes, A.S. Miguel, Gonçalo Perestrelo, Mónica P. Barroso, Paula Carneiro, Patrício Cordeiro, Nélson Costa
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages29-34
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781138542037
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventInternational Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018 - Guimarães, Portugal
Duration: 26 Mar 201827 Mar 2018

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018
CountryPortugal
CityGuimarães
Period26/03/1827/03/18

Keywords

  • Occupational risks

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  • Cite this

    Alves, O., Gonçalves, M., Brito, P. S. D., Monteiro, E., & Jacinto, C. (2018). A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. In R. B. Melo, J. S. Baptista, P. M. Arezes, A. S. Miguel, G. Perestrelo, M. P. Barroso, P. Carneiro, P. Cordeiro, & N. Costa (Eds.), Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018 (pp. 29-34). CRC Press/Balkema. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351008884-6