A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel

O. Alves, M. Gonçalves, Paulo S. D. Brito, Eliseu Monteiro, C. Jacinto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a review on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues of gasification plants using residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. The survey (2006–2016) consisted of a systematic review of literature retrieved from scientific databases. Despite abundant literature on environmental impacts of gasification plants, few publications focus on OSH aspects. Of these, 16 were considered relevant for the purpose. The results are summarized in a Table that provides a short description and the main findings of each study. It can be concluded that explosion and inhalation of toxic gases are the most common OSH risks reported in gasification processes; apparently, both are considered negligible if safety measures are adopted. Other risks identified comprise the release (and potential inhalation) of heavy metals and harmful tar production, but the main concern is on the environmental impact. Prevention measures mostly include adjusting granulometry to the type of biomass, workers’ training, good ventilation and reliable equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOccupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018
EditorsRui B. Melo, João Santos Baptista, Pedro M. Arezes, A.S. Miguel, Gonçalo Perestrelo, Mónica P. Barroso, Paula Carneiro, Patrício Cordeiro, Nélson Costa
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages29-34
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781138542037
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventInternational Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018 - Guimarães, Portugal
Duration: 26 Mar 201827 Mar 2018

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018
CountryPortugal
CityGuimarães
Period26/03/1827/03/18

Fingerprint

Occupational risks
Refuse derived fuels
Sewage sludge
Gasification
Processing
Environmental impact
Health
Health risks
Tar
Heavy metals
Ventilation
Explosions
Biomass
Gases

Keywords

  • Occupational risks

Cite this

Alves, O., Gonçalves, M., Brito, P. S. D., Monteiro, E., & Jacinto, C. (2018). A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. In R. B. Melo, J. S. Baptista, P. M. Arezes, A. S. Miguel, G. Perestrelo, M. P. Barroso, P. Carneiro, P. Cordeiro, ... N. Costa (Eds.), Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018 (pp. 29-34). CRC Press/Balkema. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351008884-6
Alves, O. ; Gonçalves, M. ; Brito, Paulo S. D. ; Monteiro, Eliseu ; Jacinto, C. / A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018. editor / Rui B. Melo ; João Santos Baptista ; Pedro M. Arezes ; A.S. Miguel ; Gonçalo Perestrelo ; Mónica P. Barroso ; Paula Carneiro ; Patrício Cordeiro ; Nélson Costa. CRC Press/Balkema, 2018. pp. 29-34
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abstract = "This paper presents a review on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues of gasification plants using residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. The survey (2006–2016) consisted of a systematic review of literature retrieved from scientific databases. Despite abundant literature on environmental impacts of gasification plants, few publications focus on OSH aspects. Of these, 16 were considered relevant for the purpose. The results are summarized in a Table that provides a short description and the main findings of each study. It can be concluded that explosion and inhalation of toxic gases are the most common OSH risks reported in gasification processes; apparently, both are considered negligible if safety measures are adopted. Other risks identified comprise the release (and potential inhalation) of heavy metals and harmful tar production, but the main concern is on the environmental impact. Prevention measures mostly include adjusting granulometry to the type of biomass, workers’ training, good ventilation and reliable equipment.",
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Alves, O, Gonçalves, M, Brito, PSD, Monteiro, E & Jacinto, C 2018, A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. in RB Melo, JS Baptista, PM Arezes, AS Miguel, G Perestrelo, MP Barroso, P Carneiro, P Cordeiro & N Costa (eds), Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018. CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 29-34, International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018, Guimarães, Portugal, 26/03/18. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351008884-6

A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. / Alves, O.; Gonçalves, M.; Brito, Paulo S. D.; Monteiro, Eliseu ; Jacinto, C.

Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018. ed. / Rui B. Melo; João Santos Baptista; Pedro M. Arezes; A.S. Miguel; Gonçalo Perestrelo; Mónica P. Barroso; Paula Carneiro; Patrício Cordeiro; Nélson Costa. CRC Press/Balkema, 2018. p. 29-34.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Monteiro, Eliseu

AU - Jacinto, C.

N1 - Sem PDF. The authors acknowledge financial support (PhD grant) from the Foundation for Science and Technology of the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (ref. SFRH/BD /111956/2015), and also from Faculdade de Ciên-cias e Tecnologia—Universidade NOVA de Lisboa.

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N2 - This paper presents a review on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues of gasification plants using residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. The survey (2006–2016) consisted of a systematic review of literature retrieved from scientific databases. Despite abundant literature on environmental impacts of gasification plants, few publications focus on OSH aspects. Of these, 16 were considered relevant for the purpose. The results are summarized in a Table that provides a short description and the main findings of each study. It can be concluded that explosion and inhalation of toxic gases are the most common OSH risks reported in gasification processes; apparently, both are considered negligible if safety measures are adopted. Other risks identified comprise the release (and potential inhalation) of heavy metals and harmful tar production, but the main concern is on the environmental impact. Prevention measures mostly include adjusting granulometry to the type of biomass, workers’ training, good ventilation and reliable equipment.

AB - This paper presents a review on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues of gasification plants using residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. The survey (2006–2016) consisted of a systematic review of literature retrieved from scientific databases. Despite abundant literature on environmental impacts of gasification plants, few publications focus on OSH aspects. Of these, 16 were considered relevant for the purpose. The results are summarized in a Table that provides a short description and the main findings of each study. It can be concluded that explosion and inhalation of toxic gases are the most common OSH risks reported in gasification processes; apparently, both are considered negligible if safety measures are adopted. Other risks identified comprise the release (and potential inhalation) of heavy metals and harmful tar production, but the main concern is on the environmental impact. Prevention measures mostly include adjusting granulometry to the type of biomass, workers’ training, good ventilation and reliable equipment.

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A2 - Perestrelo, Gonçalo

A2 - Barroso, Mónica P.

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PB - CRC Press/Balkema

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Alves O, Gonçalves M, Brito PSD, Monteiro E, Jacinto C. A review on occupational risk in gasification plants processing residues of sewage sludge and refuse-derived fuel. In Melo RB, Baptista JS, Arezes PM, Miguel AS, Perestrelo G, Barroso MP, Carneiro P, Cordeiro P, Costa N, editors, Occupational Safety and Hygiene VI - Selected contributions from the International Symposium Occupational Safety and Hygiene, SHO 2018. CRC Press/Balkema. 2018. p. 29-34 https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351008884-6