A reflective optical fiber refractometer based on multimode interference

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Abstract

A reflective multimode interference based-fiber optic sensor is described, aimed at measuring refractive index variations by means of intensity variation based on the fiber tip-interaction concept. The sensing head is a section of a multimode fiber, spliced to a single-mode fiber at the input end; its characteristics are studied when two multimode fibers, with distinct core diameters (viz. 50 and 105 mu m), are considered. The multimode fiber end face is placed in contact with the liquid sample, so as to provide a refractive index measurement via variation in amplitude of the interference spectral peaks - which is essentially insensitive to temperature changes. Therefore, the proposed configuration permits measurement of refractive index variations free from system temperature cross-sensitivity effects. Resolutions of 2.2 x 10(-4) RIU and 3.8 x 10(-4) RIU, for multimode fiber tips with core diameters of 50 mu m and 105 mu m, respectively, could be achieved
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)88-92
JournalSensors And Actuators B-Chemical
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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