A reference-free 7-bit 500 MS/s pipeline ADC using current-mode reference shifting and quantizers with built-in thresholds

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pursuit for energy and area efficient circuits has become greater than ever. Low power and small area integrated circuits are in high demand today. Reference voltage circuitry for analog-to-digital conversion comprises 20-30 % of the overall power and area of the ADC. To this end, a fully differential 1.5-bit multiplying digital-to-analog converter (MDAC) precluding reference voltages, that can be employed in MDAC-based ADCs, is presented. Reference shifting is performed in current-mode and the gain of two is obtained by associating charged capacitors in series in the opamp's feedback loop, achieving a unity feedback factor. Theoretical analyses of various nonideal effects of the reference shifting and gain of two are presented and confirmed with electrical level simulations. Furthermore, to avoid reference voltages in the local quantizers, an architecture with built-in thresholds is used. A proof of concept 1.5-bit/stage 7-bit 500 MS/s pipeline ADC is designed using the proposed MDAC in a standard digital 0.13 μm CMOS technology. The ADC achieves a peak SNDR and SFDR of 36.1 and 48.7 dB, respectively, while dissipating 12.7 mW from a single 1.2 V supply voltage, and it does not require external reference circuitry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-65
JournalAnalog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • ADC
  • Capacitor mismatch
  • Current mode
  • Feedback factor
  • MDAC
  • Reference shifting
  • Switched-capacitor

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