A novel time lag method for the analysis of mixed gas diffusion in polymeric membranes by on-line mass spectrometry: method development and validation

S. C. Fraga, M. Monteleone, M. Lanč, E. Esposito, A. Fuoco, L. Giorno, K. Pilnáček, K. Friess, M. Carta, N. B. McKeown, P. Izák, Z. Petrusová, J. G. Crespo, C. Brazinha, J. C. Jansen

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47 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

A novel method to determine the individual diffusion coefficients of gases in a mixture during their permeation through polymeric membranes is described. The method was developed in two independent laboratories, using rubbery Pebax® and glassy Hyflon® AD60X membrane samples as standards, and validated using the Tröger's base containing Polymer of Intrinsic Microporosity, PIM-EA-TB. Monitoring of the permeate composition in real time by a quadrupole mass spectrometer allowed the analysis of the permeation transient for gas mixtures. Two operation modes, either with a vacuum in the permeate and a direct connection to the mass spectrometer via a heated restriction, or using a sweeping gas and a heated capillary sample inlet, give excellent agreement with the traditional time lag method for single gases. A complete overview of the method development, identification of the critical parameters, instruments calibration, data elaboration and estimation of the experimental accuracy are provided. Validation with PIM-EA-TB, shows that the method can also successfully detect anomalous phenomena, related to pressure and concentration dependency of the transport properties, physical aging or penetrant-induced dilation. Rapid online analysis of the permeate composition makes the method also very suitable for routine mixed gas permeability measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-58
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume561
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Gas separation membrane
  • Mixed gas diffusion
  • On-line mass spectrometry
  • Time lag method

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