A New Borrelia Species Defined by Multilocus Sequence Analysis of Housekeeping Genes

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Analysis of Lyme borreliosis (LB) spirochetes, using a novel multilocus sequence analysis scheme, revealed that OspA serotype 4 strains (a rodent-associated ecotype) of Borrelia garinii were sufficiently genetically distinct from bird-associated B. garinii strains to deserve species status. We suggest that OspA serotype 4 strains be raised to species status and named Borrelia bavariensis sp. nov. The rooted phylogenetic trees provide novel insights into the evolutionary history of LB spirochetes.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)5410-5416
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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