A multicentric study on stigma towards people with mental illness in health sciences students

Ana Masedo, Pamela Grandón, Sandra Saldivia, Alexis Vielma-Aguilera, Elvis S. Castro-Alzate, Claudio Bustos, Cristina Romero-López-Alberca, J. Miguel Pena-Andreu, Miguel Xavier, Berta Moreno-Küstner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There is evidence of negative attitudes among health professionals towards people with mental illness but there is also a knowledge gap on what training must be given to these health professionals during their education. The purpose of this study is to compare the attitudes of students of health sciences: nursing, medical, occupational therapy, and psychology. Methods: A comparative and cross-sectional study in which 927 final-year students from health sciences university programmes were evaluated using the Mental Illness: Clinicians’ Attitudes (both MICA-2 and MICA-4) scale. The sample was taken in six universities from Chile and Spain. Results: We found consistent results indicating that stigma varies across university programmes. Medical and nursing students showed more negative attitudes than psychology and occupational therapy students in several stigma-related themes: recovery, dangerousness, uncomfortability, disclosure, and discriminatory behaviour. Conclusions: Our study presents a relevant description of the attitudes of each university programme for education against stigma in the formative years. Results show that the biomedical understanding of mental disorders can have negative effects on attitudes, and that education based on the psychosocial model allows a more holistic view of the person over the diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number324
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Health sciences
  • Mental health
  • Stigma
  • Undergraduate education

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