A means-end classification of argumentation schemes

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One of the crucial problems of argumentation schemes as illustrated in (Walton, Reed & Macagno, 2008) is their practical use for the purpose of analyzing texts and producing arguments. For this purpose, argumentation schemes will be analyzed as prototypical combinations between two distinct levels of abstraction, i.e. semantic (or material) relations and types of reasoning. These two levels can justify an end-means criterion of classification, representing the intended purpose of an argument and the means to achieve it. This criterion is strictly bound to the pragmatic purpose of an argumentative move and the ontological (semantic) structure of the conclusion and the premises.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRozenberg Quarterly
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Abstraction
  • Argument
  • Argumentation schemes
  • Classification,
  • Semantic relations
  • Types of reasoning


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