A king between gods and heroes: The iconographic program of the Palace of Ribeira throne room during the reform of D. Filipe I of Portugal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When in 1581 King Phillip II of Spain was acclaimed sovereign of the Portuguese Empire as D. Filipe I of Portugal, he spent the first three years in the kingdom in order to reorganize it according to his personal administrative requirements and political needs. Determined to restructure the new kingdom in his own image, as the powerful ruler of the vast Spanish Habsburg Empire, which would greatly increase with the addition of the Portuguese colonial territories, D. Filipe I ordered the royal architects to renovate and embellished all royal residences in Portugal.
After the general inventory of the main royal palaces, the monarch promptly decided to promote a strengthening architectural renovation and an aesthetic enrichment of the residence of his Portuguese ancestor, D. Manuel I, the Royal Palace in Lisbon. New buildings have been erected and new ceremonials protocols have been established both for the public and private palatine dependencies. Once more, art would become a vital socio-political weapon to emphasize the royal image and reinforce the support to the new Spanish Habsburg monarchy.
The main goal of our study is to contextualize and analyse the artistic program executed for the throne room of the Royal Palace in Lisbon, ordered by D. Filipe I of Portugal and executed under the supervision of the viceroy D. Alberto of Austria, as a form to legitimate his power between his new subjects.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHeraldica Nova. Medieval and Early Modern Heraldry from the perspective of cultural history
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • D. Filipe I of Portugal - II of Spain
  • Viceroy D. Alberto of Austria
  • Royal Palace of Lisbon (Paço da Ribeira)
  • Throne room royal heraldry
  • Emblems program
  • Allegoric paintings

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