A hybrid approach for the spatial disaggregation of socio-economic indicators

João Monteiro, Bruno Martins, João M. Pires

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While statistical information on socio-economic activities is widely available, the data are often collected or released only at a relatively aggregated level. In these aggregated forms, the data are useful for broad-scale assessments, although we often need to disaggregate the source data in order to provide more localized estimates, and in order to analyze correlations against geophysical variables. Spatial disaggregation techniques can be used in this context, to transform data from a set of source zones into a set of target zones, with different geometry and with a higher general level of spatial resolution. Still, few previous studies in the area have attempted to leverage state-of-the-art spatial disaggregation procedures in the context of socio-economic variables, instead focusing on applications related to population modeling. In this article, we report on experiments with a hybrid spatial disaggregation technique that combines state-of-the-art regression analysis procedures with the classic methods of dasymetric mapping and pycnophylactic interpolation. The hybrid procedure was used together with population density, land coverage, nighttime satellite imagery, and OpenStreetMap road density, as ancillary data to disaggregate different types of socio-economic indicators to a high-resolution grid. Our test specifically leveraged data relative to the Portuguese territory, resulting in the production of raster datasets with a resolution of 30 arc-seconds per cell. The article discusses the spatial disaggregation methodology and the quality of the obtained results under different experimental conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-211
JournalInternational Journal of Data Science and Analytics
Volume5
Issue number2-3(SI)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Spatial analysis
  • Downscaling
  • Geographic information systems
  • Regression-based spatial disaggregation
  • Socio-economic indicators

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