A genetic algorithm approach to design job rotation schedules ensuring homogeneity and diversity of exposure in the automotive industry

Ana Assunção, Nafiseh Mollaei, João Rodrigues, Carlos Fujão, Daniel Osório, António P. Veloso, Hugo Gamboa, Filomena Carnide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Job rotation is a work organization strategy with increasing popularity, given its benefits for workers and companies, especially those working with manufacturing. This study proposes a formulation to help the team leader in an assembly line of the automotive industry to achieve job rotation schedules based on three major criteria: improve diversity, ensure homogeneity, and thus reduce exposure level. The formulation relied on a genetic algorithm, that took into consideration the biomechanical risk factors (EAWS), workers’ qualifications, and the organizational aspects of the assembly line. Moreover, the job rotation plan formulated by the genetic algorithm formulation was compared with the solution provided by the team leader in a real life-environment. The formulation proved to be a reliable solution to design job rotation plans for increasing diversity, decreasing exposure, and balancing homogeneity within workers, achieving better results in all of the outcomes when compared with the job rotation schedules created by the team leader. Additionally, this solution was less time-consuming for the team leader than a manual implementation. This study provides a much-needed solution to the job rotation issue in the manufacturing industry, with the genetic algorithm taking less time and showing better results than the job rotations created by the team leaders.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere09396
Number of pages14
JournalHeliyon
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Automotive industry
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Occupational risk factors
  • Prevention approach
  • Workplace intervention

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