A Epidemia de Cólera na Madeira (1856): Das Políticas Régias às Práticas Locais

Translated title of the contribution: The Cholera Epidemic in Madeira (1856): From the Royal Policies to Local Practices

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Abstract

Ao longo do século XIX, a cólera, a febre-amarela, a tuberculose, a peste bubónica e o tifo atingiram a Europa e causaram a morte de um elevado número de pessoas. Assim, não será descabido associar esta centúria à ocorrência de diversas doenças epidémicas, cuja disseminação foi facilitada pelo desenvolvimento dos meios de transporte, que, por sua vez, facilitou a circulação de pessoas e de mercadorias. Partindo da premissa de que a saúde e a assistência foram assumidas pela coroa portuguesa, especialmente desde o reinado de D. Manuel I, este ensaio incide, sobretudo, sobre as medidas tomadas pelo poder político no espaço insular madeirense com o propósito de controlar e combater a epidemia de cólera morbus de 1856, em particular as implementadas pelo então governador civil do distrito do Funchal, António Rogério Gromicho Couceiro.

Throughout the 19th century, cholera, yellow fever, tuberculosis, the bubonic plague, and typhus swept across Europe and caused the death of multitudes of people. It will therefore not be unreasonable to associate this century with the occurrence of various epidemic diseases, the spread of which was facilitated by the development of means of transport, which in turn facilitated the movement of people and goods.
Based on the premise that health and assistance were matters assumed by the Portuguese crown, especially beginning with the reign of King Manuel I, this essay focuses mainly on the measures taken by the political power in the archipelago of Madeira to control and combat the cholera morbus epidemic of 1856, particularly those implemented by the civil governor of the Funchal district at that time, António Rogério Gromicho Couceiro.
Translated title of the contributionThe Cholera Epidemic in Madeira (1856): From the Royal Policies to Local Practices
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)299-316
Number of pages18
JournalArquivo Histórico da Madeira
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Madeira
  • Epidemia
  • Cólera
  • António Rogério Gromicho Couceiro
  • Governador Civil
  • Epidemic
  • Cholera
  • Civil Governor

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