A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions

Rui Micaelo, José Neves, Rui Lopes, Alexandra Jesus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is produced by a variety of technologies at lower temperatures that enable to gain important environmental and social benefits and, in consequence, to contribute to a more sustainable transportation infrastructure. The producer usually defines the temperatures used in WMA production. However, some references suggest the increase of temperature in order to allow a longer time to transport or to compact in cases of unfavourable weather conditions, mainly under low temperatures. The objective of this paper is to analyse the feasibility of producing WMA at the same temperatures of hot mix asphalt (HMA) guaranteeing an adequate compaction, and final performance in service. The paper describes a laboratory study to investigate the properties of a WMA using different additives and varying the mixing and compaction temperatures. The effect of production temperatures on the performance of the WMA was evaluated through binder drainage (production phase), volumetric properties (compaction phase), and resistance to permanent deformation (service phase). The paper also presents a numerical study on the time available for paving WMA under unfavourable climatic conditions. Results demonstrated that it is possible to produce WMA at high temperatures without problems of binder drainage, during transport, and of performance in service if adequate compaction is achieved. In fact, the production temperatures influenced the compaction phase. However, it is possible to increase the temperature without negatively affecting the required volumetric properties. The rut depth of the permanent deformation test was mostly influenced by the air-voids of the compacted WMA and the binder. From the numerical study, it was concluded that the time available for in situ compaction increased substantially when WMA was paved at higher temperature. However, in cases of low air temperature and thin layer, the increase of temperature may not be sufficient to obtain the desired level of density or air-voids.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018
EditorsM. Barman, M. Zaman, J. R. Chang
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-95768-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-95767-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventGeoChina 2018: Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate - HangZhou, China
Duration: 23 Jul 201825 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameSustainable Civil Infrastructures
PublisherSpringer

Conference

ConferenceGeoChina 2018: Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate
CountryChina
CityHangZhou
Period23/07/1825/07/18

Fingerprint

Asphalt
Compaction
Temperature
Binders
Drainage
Air

Cite this

Micaelo, R., Neves, J., Lopes, R., & Jesus, A. (2019). A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions. In M. Barman, M. Zaman, & J. R. Chang (Eds.), Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018 (Sustainable Civil Infrastructures ). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95768-5_3
Micaelo, Rui ; Neves, José ; Lopes, Rui ; Jesus, Alexandra. / A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions. Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018. editor / M. Barman ; M. Zaman ; J. R. Chang. Cham : Springer, 2019. (Sustainable Civil Infrastructures ).
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title = "A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions",
abstract = "Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is produced by a variety of technologies at lower temperatures that enable to gain important environmental and social benefits and, in consequence, to contribute to a more sustainable transportation infrastructure. The producer usually defines the temperatures used in WMA production. However, some references suggest the increase of temperature in order to allow a longer time to transport or to compact in cases of unfavourable weather conditions, mainly under low temperatures. The objective of this paper is to analyse the feasibility of producing WMA at the same temperatures of hot mix asphalt (HMA) guaranteeing an adequate compaction, and final performance in service. The paper describes a laboratory study to investigate the properties of a WMA using different additives and varying the mixing and compaction temperatures. The effect of production temperatures on the performance of the WMA was evaluated through binder drainage (production phase), volumetric properties (compaction phase), and resistance to permanent deformation (service phase). The paper also presents a numerical study on the time available for paving WMA under unfavourable climatic conditions. Results demonstrated that it is possible to produce WMA at high temperatures without problems of binder drainage, during transport, and of performance in service if adequate compaction is achieved. In fact, the production temperatures influenced the compaction phase. However, it is possible to increase the temperature without negatively affecting the required volumetric properties. The rut depth of the permanent deformation test was mostly influenced by the air-voids of the compacted WMA and the binder. From the numerical study, it was concluded that the time available for in situ compaction increased substantially when WMA was paved at higher temperature. However, in cases of low air temperature and thin layer, the increase of temperature may not be sufficient to obtain the desired level of density or air-voids.",
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Micaelo, R, Neves, J, Lopes, R & Jesus, A 2019, A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions. in M Barman, M Zaman & JR Chang (eds), Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018. Sustainable Civil Infrastructures , Springer, Cham, GeoChina 2018: Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate, HangZhou, China, 23/07/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95768-5_3

A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions. / Micaelo, Rui; Neves, José; Lopes, Rui; Jesus, Alexandra.

Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018. ed. / M. Barman; M. Zaman; J. R. Chang. Cham : Springer, 2019. (Sustainable Civil Infrastructures ).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions

AU - Micaelo, Rui

AU - Neves, José

AU - Lopes, Rui

AU - Jesus, Alexandra

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is produced by a variety of technologies at lower temperatures that enable to gain important environmental and social benefits and, in consequence, to contribute to a more sustainable transportation infrastructure. The producer usually defines the temperatures used in WMA production. However, some references suggest the increase of temperature in order to allow a longer time to transport or to compact in cases of unfavourable weather conditions, mainly under low temperatures. The objective of this paper is to analyse the feasibility of producing WMA at the same temperatures of hot mix asphalt (HMA) guaranteeing an adequate compaction, and final performance in service. The paper describes a laboratory study to investigate the properties of a WMA using different additives and varying the mixing and compaction temperatures. The effect of production temperatures on the performance of the WMA was evaluated through binder drainage (production phase), volumetric properties (compaction phase), and resistance to permanent deformation (service phase). The paper also presents a numerical study on the time available for paving WMA under unfavourable climatic conditions. Results demonstrated that it is possible to produce WMA at high temperatures without problems of binder drainage, during transport, and of performance in service if adequate compaction is achieved. In fact, the production temperatures influenced the compaction phase. However, it is possible to increase the temperature without negatively affecting the required volumetric properties. The rut depth of the permanent deformation test was mostly influenced by the air-voids of the compacted WMA and the binder. From the numerical study, it was concluded that the time available for in situ compaction increased substantially when WMA was paved at higher temperature. However, in cases of low air temperature and thin layer, the increase of temperature may not be sufficient to obtain the desired level of density or air-voids.

AB - Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is produced by a variety of technologies at lower temperatures that enable to gain important environmental and social benefits and, in consequence, to contribute to a more sustainable transportation infrastructure. The producer usually defines the temperatures used in WMA production. However, some references suggest the increase of temperature in order to allow a longer time to transport or to compact in cases of unfavourable weather conditions, mainly under low temperatures. The objective of this paper is to analyse the feasibility of producing WMA at the same temperatures of hot mix asphalt (HMA) guaranteeing an adequate compaction, and final performance in service. The paper describes a laboratory study to investigate the properties of a WMA using different additives and varying the mixing and compaction temperatures. The effect of production temperatures on the performance of the WMA was evaluated through binder drainage (production phase), volumetric properties (compaction phase), and resistance to permanent deformation (service phase). The paper also presents a numerical study on the time available for paving WMA under unfavourable climatic conditions. Results demonstrated that it is possible to produce WMA at high temperatures without problems of binder drainage, during transport, and of performance in service if adequate compaction is achieved. In fact, the production temperatures influenced the compaction phase. However, it is possible to increase the temperature without negatively affecting the required volumetric properties. The rut depth of the permanent deformation test was mostly influenced by the air-voids of the compacted WMA and the binder. From the numerical study, it was concluded that the time available for in situ compaction increased substantially when WMA was paved at higher temperature. However, in cases of low air temperature and thin layer, the increase of temperature may not be sufficient to obtain the desired level of density or air-voids.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-95768-5_3

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-95768-5_3

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-3-319-95767-8

T3 - Sustainable Civil Infrastructures

BT - Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018

A2 - Barman, M.

A2 - Zaman, M.

A2 - Chang, J. R.

PB - Springer

CY - Cham

ER -

Micaelo R, Neves J, Lopes R, Jesus A. A Different Perspective on the Production and Application of Warm Mix Asphalt Under Unfavorable Temperature Conditions. In Barman M, Zaman M, Chang JR, editors, Transportation and Geotechniques: Materials, Sustainability and Climate. GeoChina 2018. Cham: Springer. 2019. (Sustainable Civil Infrastructures ). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95768-5_3