Um banco de dados digital para os Aegyptiaca do sudoeste ibérico: encontros coloniais e “mediterranização” das sociedades ibéricas da costa atlântica (sécs. VIII – V a.C.)

Translated title of the contribution: A database for the aegyptiaca from the Iberian southwest: colonial encounters and the ‘Mediterranization’ of the Atlantic Iberian societies (8th to 5th centuries BC)

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Abstract

Um estudo preliminar sobre a presença de “aegyptiaca” na costa ocidental da Península Ibérica. Este artigo aborda o material egípcio e egipcizante trazido para o território ibérico pela expansão fenícia entre os séculos VIII – V a.C. Uma vez que se trata de um material pouco estudado, propor a construção de um corpus para a região do Sudoeste Ibérico será uma mais-valia para a compreensão do fenômeno das relações entre nativos e estrangeiros. Assim, essa cultura material será a base para um estudo da presença fenícia no que outrora consistia de uma unidade geopolítica: o Sudoeste Ibérico. As relações comerciais, a transferência de tecnologia e a subsequente transição do Bronze Final para o Ferro Inicial entre as sociedades nativas são temas de interesse desse levantamento de corpus. A presença de bens de luxo e status em necrópoles nativas e mistas demonstra o gradual processo de adoção de elementos mediterrâneos nos ritos funerários e relações cotidianas dessas sociedades nativas, iluminando todo um processo de reformulação social, dando origem a estruturas hierárquicas mais complexas.

This is a preliminary study on the presence of aegyptiaca on the Western coast of the Iberian Peninsula. This article deals with the Egyptian and Egyptianizing material brought to the Iberian territory by the Phoenician expansion between the 8th and 5th centuries BC. As this material is still little studied, proposing the construction of a corpus for the region of the Iberian southwest will be a valuable tool for understanding the phenomenon of relations between natives and foreigners. Thus, this material culture will be the basis for a study of the Phoenician presence in what was once a geopolitical unit: the Iberian southwest. Commercial relations, technology transfer and the subsequent transition from Late Bronze to Early Iron ages between native societies are topics of interest in this corpus development. The presence of luxury goods in native and mixed necropolises demonstrates the gradual process of adopting Mediterranean elements in the funerary rites and in the daily relationships of these native societies, illuminating an entire process of social reformulation and giving rise to more complex hierarchical structures.
Translated title of the contributionA database for the aegyptiaca from the Iberian southwest: colonial encounters and the ‘Mediterranization’ of the Atlantic Iberian societies (8th to 5th centuries BC)
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalRevista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Egyptianizing art
  • Iberian southwest
  • Early Iron Age
  • Reformulation of identities
  • Phoenician expansion
  • Arte egipcizante
  • expansão fenícia
  • Idade do Ferro
  • sudoeste ibérico
  • reformulação de identidades

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