Abstract

The work reported here addresses load matching improvement in Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net-ZEBs). The related relevant literature shows that currently research work is mainly focused on improving the load matching of individual buildings. In this paper the concept of a Cooperative Net Zero Energy Community (CNet-ZEC) is introduced, extending discussion to the enhancement of load matching at a wider community level. Both building and community levels are compared in order to assess the work proposed here, through the analysis of three distinct scenarios where five Net-ZEBs work individually or in community.The results presented here were obtained through a detailed simulation based on 1-min resolution stochastic load profiles and recorded weather data. The results indicate that over the period of a year the CNet-ZEC has the potential to increase the electrical demand covered by onsite electricity generation up to 21% and the on-site generation that is used by the building up to 15%. The following elements are considered by the CNet-ZEC in order to produce those results: (i) demand heterogeneity of the buildings integrating the community; (ii) the higher number of controllable devices; and (iii) the potential higher amount of energy available to satisfy the community demand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Loads (forces)
Electricity

Keywords

  • Demand side management
  • Grid interaction
  • Load matching
  • Net zero energy buildings
  • Renewable energy

Cite this

@article{81a92e75ff0d459da613fd4ec55ece6a,
title = "A cooperative net zero energy community to improve load matching",
abstract = "The work reported here addresses load matching improvement in Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net-ZEBs). The related relevant literature shows that currently research work is mainly focused on improving the load matching of individual buildings. In this paper the concept of a Cooperative Net Zero Energy Community (CNet-ZEC) is introduced, extending discussion to the enhancement of load matching at a wider community level. Both building and community levels are compared in order to assess the work proposed here, through the analysis of three distinct scenarios where five Net-ZEBs work individually or in community.The results presented here were obtained through a detailed simulation based on 1-min resolution stochastic load profiles and recorded weather data. The results indicate that over the period of a year the CNet-ZEC has the potential to increase the electrical demand covered by onsite electricity generation up to 21{\%} and the on-site generation that is used by the building up to 15{\%}. The following elements are considered by the CNet-ZEC in order to produce those results: (i) demand heterogeneity of the buildings integrating the community; (ii) the higher number of controllable devices; and (iii) the potential higher amount of energy available to satisfy the community demand.",
keywords = "Demand side management, Grid interaction, Load matching, Net zero energy buildings, Renewable energy",
author = "Lopes, {Rui Amaral} and Jo{\~a}o Martins and Daniel Aelenei and Lima, {Celson Pantoja} and Lima, {Celson Pantoja}",
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A cooperative net zero energy community to improve load matching. / Lopes, Rui Amaral; Martins, João; Aelenei, Daniel; Lima, Celson Pantoja; Lima, Celson Pantoja.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 93, 01.08.2016, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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