A complex cognitive ecosystem: Humans and beings of a different nature

Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The co-presence of distinct cognitive agents poses vast challenges that require contextualization. If the concept of Humanity seems to convey us to its unbreakable unity, a finer analysis may provide clues as to how to approach the emerging problems. Indeed, all of humanity does not uniformly follow one single morality, and within moral geographies there exist differentiated decision processes. Religious experience, on the one hand, and post-Renaissance Humanism on the other, present very different views of moral criteria, which often coexist despite their metaphysical contradictions. Given these facts, the presence of artificial and autonomous cognitive agents does not qualitatively alter the problem, it merely makes it more complex. We will analyse these aspects, referring to the special difficulty of the problem. As a consequence of a recent and promising area of research, one scientific approach to morals will be set forth. Indeed, we have enough data to conjecture human morals as cases addressable by evolutionary games theory. In this circumstance, it is possible to imagine games of collective strategies of trial and error, with concomitant selection of the most sustainable and beneficial strategies for all concerned.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMachine Ethics
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-39630-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-39629-9
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameStudies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
ISSN (Print)2192-6255
ISSN (Electronic)2192-6263


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