A novel study on organic solute absorption from the vapor phase is reported. The organic solutes chosen for the absorption studies include 1,4-benzodioxane, biphenyl, xanthene, and menthol. A series of imidazolium, ammonium, and guanidinium-based ionic liquids (ILs) containing several types of anions were used as absorbents. Absorption of water vapor was also studied along with the organic solutes. Absorption studies of each organic solute were performed by using a specially devised glass apparatus at 50 degrees C. It was observed that the rate of absorption increases with time and is faster in the case of 1,4-benzodioxane (24 h). The absorption process for each organic solute with different classes of ionic liquids was studied and the results were compared with each other. Absorption values of more than 25000 ppm were observed in some ionic liquids. Distribution ratios of organic solutes in an ionic liquid and in the vapor phase were measured and the selectivity was evaluated by using the distribution ratio values. A remarkable selectivity was observed for some ionic liquids towards a specific organic solute. Importantly, it was observed that the selectivity remained constant, even though a mixture of solute was used for the absorption study. Desorption of organic vapors from ionic liquids was successfully carried out by applying a vacuum. Further, it was observed that the same ionic liquid can be repeatedly reused several times for absorption. These studies reveal that, in future, a tasks-pecific ionic liquid can be prepared and used for specific solute capture from the vapor phase.