The thermal regime and microstructural phenomenon are studied by using finite-element (FE) modelling and the analytical Rosenthal equation during laser welding of aluminum alloy 5456 (AA5456) components. A major goal is to determine the merits and demerits of this analytical equation which can be an alternative to FE analysis, and to evaluate the effect of imperative assumptions on predicted consequences. Using results from the analytical and numerical approaches in conjunction with experiments, different physical features are compared. In this study, the results obtained from experiments in terms of melt pool shapes are compared with the predicted ones achieved from the numerical and analytical approaches in which the FE model is more accurate than the Rosenthal equation in the estimation of the melt pool dimensions. Furthermore, as to the partially melted zones, the estimations achieved from the numerical modeling are more genuine than ones from the analytical equation with regards to the experimental results. At high energy density, near keyhole welding mode, the reported results show that experimental melt widths are supposed to be narrower than the fusion widths estimated by the analytical solution. The primary explanation could be the influence of thermal losses that occurred during convection and radiation, which are neglected in the Rosenthal equation. Additionally, the primary dendrite arm spacing (PDAS) estimated with the numerical modeling and the analytical Rosenthal solution is comparable with the experimental results obtained.
- Analytical Rosenthal equation
- Laser welding
- Numerical finite-element modeling
- Thermal regime