A cluster randomised controlled trial of a staff-training intervention in residential units for people with long-term mental illness in Portugal: the PromQual trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a staff-training intervention to improve service users’ engagement in activities and quality of care, by means of a cluster randomised controlled trial. Method: All residential units with at least 12-h a day staff support (n = 23) were invited to participate. Quality of care was assessed with the Quality Indicator for Rehabilitative Care (QuIRC) filled online by the unit’s manager. Half the units (n = 12) were randomly assigned to continue providing treatment as usual, and half (n = 11) received a staff-training intervention that focused on skills for engaging service users in activities, with trainers working alongside staff to embed this learning in the service. The primary outcome was service users’ level of activity (measured with the Time Use Diary), reassessed at 4 and 8 months. Secondary outcomes were the quality of care provided (QuIRC), and service users’ quality of life (Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life) reassessed at 8 months. Generalized linear mixed effect models were used to assess the difference in outcomes between units in the two trial arms. The trial was registered with Current Controlled Trials (Ref NCT02366117). Results: Knowledge acquired by the staff during the initial workshops increased significantly (p ≤ 0.01). However, the intervention and comparison units did not differ significantly in primary and secondary outcomes at either follow-up. Conclusions: The intervention increased the level of knowledge of staff without leading to an improvement in service users’ engagement in activities, quality of life, or quality of care in the units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Intervention
  • Recovery
  • Residential units
  • Severe mental illness
  • Staff training

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