A case for systematic quality management in mosquito control programmes in Europe

Antonios Michaelakis, Fabrizio Balestrino, Norbert Becker, Romeo Bellini, Beniamino Caputo, Alessandra della Torre, Jordi Figuerola, Gregory L’ambert, Dusan Petric, Vincent Robert, David Roiz, Anastasios Saratsis, Carla A. Sousa, William G.R. Wint, Nikos T. Papadopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The recent spread of invasive mosquito species, such as Aedes albopictus and the seasonal sporadic transmission of autochthonous cases of arboviral diseases (e.g., dengue, chikungunya, Zika) in temperate areas, such as Europe and North America, highlight the importance of effective mosquito-control interventions to reduce not only nuisance, but also major threats for public health. Local, regional, and even national mosquito control programs have been established in many countries and are executed on a seasonal basis by either public or private bodies. In order for these interventions to be worthwhile, funding authorities should ensure that mosquito control is (a) planned by competent scientific institutions addressing the local demands, (b) executed following the plan that is based on recommended and effective methods and strategies, (c) monitored regularly by checking the efficacy of the implemented actions, (d) evaluated against the set of targets, and (e) regularly improved according to the results of the monitoring. Adherence to these conditions can only be assured if a formal quality management system is adopted and enforced that ensures the transparency of effectiveness of the control operation. The current paper aims at defining the two components of this quality management system, quality assurance and quality control for mosquito control programs with special emphasis on Europe, but applicable over temperate areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3478
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number7
Early online date27 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


  • Arthropod vectors
  • Culicidae
  • Insecticides
  • Invasion
  • Nuisance
  • Pest management
  • Vector borne diseases


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