A brief assessment unravels unmet needs of older people in primary care

a mixed-methods evaluation of the SPICE tool in Portugal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Assessments of need may contribute to identifying health problems associated with functional deterioration in older people. A shorter version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly was developed for routine use in primary care, focusing on five domains: Senses, Physical ability, Incontinence, Cognition, and Emotional distress (SPICE). We aimed to explore its usefulness and feasibility in primary care. We selected a consecutive sample of 51 community-dwelling older adults. The SPICE interview was completed by GPs and patients, with perceptions about its use in primary care being explored. Needs were identified in 38 patients. Unmet needs corresponded to 7% of needs overall. 'Emotional distress' was the most frequent unmet need. SPICE helped to identify undisclosed needs, was well accepted and its importance in clinical evaluation recognised by GPs and patients, despite concerns about time constraints. Facilitating strategies are needed to improve the feasibility of these assessments in primary care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-643
Number of pages7
JournalPrimary health care research & development
Volume19
Issue number6
Early online date21 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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Aptitude
Portugal
Cognition
Primary Health Care
Needs Assessment
Independent Living
Interviews
Health

Keywords

  • ageing
  • needs assessment
  • primary care

Cite this

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title = "A brief assessment unravels unmet needs of older people in primary care: a mixed-methods evaluation of the SPICE tool in Portugal",
abstract = "Assessments of need may contribute to identifying health problems associated with functional deterioration in older people. A shorter version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly was developed for routine use in primary care, focusing on five domains: Senses, Physical ability, Incontinence, Cognition, and Emotional distress (SPICE). We aimed to explore its usefulness and feasibility in primary care. We selected a consecutive sample of 51 community-dwelling older adults. The SPICE interview was completed by GPs and patients, with perceptions about its use in primary care being explored. Needs were identified in 38 patients. Unmet needs corresponded to 7{\%} of needs overall. 'Emotional distress' was the most frequent unmet need. SPICE helped to identify undisclosed needs, was well accepted and its importance in clinical evaluation recognised by GPs and patients, despite concerns about time constraints. Facilitating strategies are needed to improve the feasibility of these assessments in primary care.",
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