A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This book is devoted to denitrification, an anaerobic process that is used by a wide range of bacteria for energy generation. The overall process involves nitrate, which is present in soil or water, being reduced to gaseous dinitrogen. This initial chapter aims to place denitrification in the larger context of the nitrogen biogeochemical cycle (a bird's eye view). Detailed topics are developed through the many following contributions. Denitrification is a landscape for probing the structures, functions and mechanisms of action of a wide range of highly specialised metalloenzymes. These carry out, sequentially, four oxo-transfer reactions: NO3- → NO2- → NO → N2O → N2. The environmental implications of these processes are of particular relevance. Nitrate accumulation and the release of nitrous oxide into the atmosphere due to the excessive use of fertilisers in agriculture are examples of two environmental problems in which denitrification plays a central role.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetalloenzymes in Denitrification
Subtitle of host publicationApplications and Environmental Impacts
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Pages1-10
Number of pages10
VolumeJanuary
Edition9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameRSC Metallobiology
Number9
Volume2017-January
ISSN (Print)2045547X

Fingerprint

Nitrogen Cycle
Denitrification
Nitrogen
Nitrates
Fertilizers
Nitrous Oxide
Agriculture
Atmosphere
Bacteria
Soil
Soils
Water

Cite this

Moura, I., Maia, L. B., Pauleta, S. R., & Moura, J. J. G. (2017). A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle. In Metalloenzymes in Denitrification: Applications and Environmental Impacts (9 ed., Vol. January, pp. 1-10). (RSC Metallobiology; Vol. 2017-January, No. 9). Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782623762-00001
Moura, Isabel ; Maia, Luísa B. ; Pauleta, Sofia R. ; Moura, José J G. / A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle. Metalloenzymes in Denitrification: Applications and Environmental Impacts. Vol. January 9. ed. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. pp. 1-10 (RSC Metallobiology; 9).
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Moura, I, Maia, LB, Pauleta, SR & Moura, JJG 2017, A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle. in Metalloenzymes in Denitrification: Applications and Environmental Impacts. 9 edn, vol. January, RSC Metallobiology, no. 9, vol. 2017-January, Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782623762-00001

A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle. / Moura, Isabel; Maia, Luísa B.; Pauleta, Sofia R.; Moura, José J G.

Metalloenzymes in Denitrification: Applications and Environmental Impacts. Vol. January 9. ed. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. p. 1-10 (RSC Metallobiology; Vol. 2017-January, No. 9).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Moura I, Maia LB, Pauleta SR, Moura JJG. A Bird's Eye View of Denitrification in Relation to the Nitrogen Cycle. In Metalloenzymes in Denitrification: Applications and Environmental Impacts. 9 ed. Vol. January. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2017. p. 1-10. (RSC Metallobiology; 9). https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782623762-00001