Activity: Talk or presentation › Oral presentation
Philosophy for Children has long been recognizes as a pedagogical methodology that greatly contributes for the education of better thinking. The program fosters empathy and perspective taking in the establishment of philosophical dialogues within classrooms by creating a community of inquiry that cultivates gathering efforts to think together about a specific question of puzzle by listening to each other and by challenging each other in a safe environment in which every person has a role and an important place. This includes both thinking and thinking about the thinking process. In Thinking in Education (2003) Mathew Lipman states that a part of the methodology is to establish dialogues that follow the logical thread (Lipman 2003, 87) and praises Gilbert Ryle several pieces of writing as a guiding philosophical material to better understand what that entails and how the methodology should be fostered since “The search techniques and inquiry procedures Ryle has mentioned are among those characteristic of the community of inquiry” (Lipman 2003, 260). The presentation will first critically present Lipmans’ description of “Thinking and Self Teaching” (Ryle), and then take up and explore Ryle’s comment in “Philosophical Arguments” (1945) that “A pattern of argument which is proper and even proprietary to philosophy is the reductio ad absurdum,” looking for ways and moments in which this can be identified in the methodology of philosophy for children.